Patients with diabetes require a special nutritional diet to effectively regulate blood sugar levels while meeting their nutritional needs to achieve and maintain optimal metabolism, prevent chronic complications, and so on. In addition to a special nutritional diet, several other factors must be noticed.
Diabetes Nutrition, What is that?
Patients with diabetes require a special nutritional diet to effectively regulate blood sugar while meeting their nutritional needs. With the same nutritional needs as other people, the biggest challenge for a diabetic is an eating pattern. This is because something they eat has a direct effect on blood sugar levels, meaning there are certain blood pressure factors to consider. This restriction puts them in danger of not meeting their nutritional needs.
The increase in DM sufferers in developing countries is due to changes in diet, from traditional healthy foods, high in fiber, low in fat, low in calories to increasing consumption of foods containing calories become simple carbohydrates, fat, red meat, and low fiber consumption.
Medical Purpose Of Nutritional Therapy For Diabetes
- Goals to achieve and maintain optimal metabolism include:
a. This is done by changing the nutritional intake and lifestyle that is appropriate for the prevention
and treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, etc
b. Lipid and lipoprotein profiles can reduce the risk of macrovascular disease.
c. Lowers blood pressure which can reduce the risk of vascular disease.
2. Prevent and treat complications of chronic diabetes
This is done by changing the nutritional intake and lifestyle that is appropriate for the prevention
and treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, etc
3. Health promotion through healthy food and physical activity
Total Nutrition And Meal Schedule For Diabetes
The amount of intake nutrition in question is the number of calories consumed. The recommended number of calories is 25-30 calories per kilogram of ideal body weight, every day. For example, a person with an ideal weight of 50 kg requires 1,250-1,500 calories a day. must be remembered is the ideal body weight, not the current weight. For diabetics who are also obese, it is highly recommended to lose weight to prevent complications. The recommended number of calories for obese people is calculated from the previous analysis, minus 500 calories per day.
Apart from the amount, the eating schedule that has been determined by the nutritionist must also be adhered to maintaining blood sugar levels in a stable and non-fluctuating state. Diabetics are advised to eat three large meals a day and small meals or snacks 2-3 times a day. The distance between large meals and interludes ranges from 2.5 to 3 hours.
Possible Complications and Risk of Incorrect Diabetes Nutrition Administration
Proper diabetes nutrition has an important role in preventing the potential risks and complications of diabetes. People suffering from this disease possible to have both short-term and long-term health risks, such as:
- Nerve damage: vision problems, such as glaucoma, retinopathy, and cataracts
- Coronary heart disease: hypertension
So, it is important that patients also understand the limitations of their nutritional plan. While following a balanced diet can help prevent potential complications, it is the only thing in their treatment plan. Meal plans should be supported by regular exercise, stress management, and lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking or drinking alcohol and regularly checking blood sugar independently at home.
How to do an easy measuring of blood sugar?
Measuring blood sugar levels can be easily carried out independently and practically with a reliable POCT (Point of Care Test) tool in checking blood sugar profiles, the GlucoSure Auto Code Blood Glucose Monitoring System. The following are the features and advantages of the GlucoSure AutoCode Blood Glucose Monitoring System:
The measuring range is wide which is 20 - 600 mg/dL(1.1 - 33.3 mmol/L)
With a wide measuring range, the GlucoSure Auto Code Blood Glucose Monitoring System will make it easier to monitor blood sugar profiles in both low and high conditions.
- Measurement time 6 seconds
GlucoSure Auto Code Blood Glucose Monitoring System can read the blood sugar profile in a very short time so that the next course of action can be determined more efficiently.
- Sample volume 0.6 L whole blood
With a very small number of samples and using whole blood cells, the GlucoSure AutoCode Blood Glucose Monitoring System is already able to show the profile of sugar in the blood, minimizing the risk of excessive pain in collecting blood test samples.
With the information on the features and benefits, it is hoped that it will be easier to determine the measuring instrument for blood sugar levels using the GlucoSure Auto Code Blood Glucose Monitoring System.
- American Diabetes Association. Carbohydrate counting. Available at http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/carb-counting. Accessed December 8, 2012.
- American Diabetes Association. Nutrition recommendations and interventions for diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2008;31: S61-S78.
- Cherney, K. Healthline (2018). Simple Carbohydrates vs. Complex Carbohydrates
- Mayo Clinic (2018). Diseases and Conditions. Diabetes
- PB Perkeni (2015). Konsensus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes.