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17 February 2021
SEBERAPA PENTINGKAH KUALITAS PRODUK DAN METODE SWAB DALAM PENGAMBILAN SAMPLE UNTUK PCR?
Pengambilan sampel secara swab sangat populer saat ini, khususnya dalam diagnosa COVID-19 yang menggunakan PCR. Namun sebenarnya pengambilan sampel secara swab tidak hanya untuk kasus COVID-19 saja, melainkan juga untuk berbagai jenis virus maupun mikroorganisme lain di berbagai lokasi pengambilan misalnya dari rongga mulut, rongga hidung bahkan anus.
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16 February 2021
ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE DUE TO COVID-19
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is sudden kidney damage that occurs within hours or days. AKI causes a buildup of waste products in the blood, making it difficult for the kidneys to maintain fluid balance in the body. AKI can also affect other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs. AKI often occurs in patients who are in hospitals, in intensive care units, and especially in older adults. AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine of 0.3 mg / dL within 48 hours or a 50% increase in serum creatinine values ​​within 7 days. Baseline serum creatinine is the baseline serum creatinine value. AKI onset starts from the first day when the serum creatinine value changes. The AKI stage was determined by the peak value of serum creatinine levels after AKI detection, with an increase of 1.5-1.9, 2.0-2.9, and ≥3 times from the baseline which were then classified as stages 1, 2, and 3.
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29 January 2021
DUET HANDAL INDIKATOR RESPON ANTIBODI DALAM KASUS COVID-19:
Virus COVID-19 baru disebut sebagai SARS-CoV-2 yang masuk ke dalam tubuh dapat terdeteksi oleh sistem imunitas tubuh dan menyebabkan sistem imun memproduksi antibodi untuk memusnahkannya. Keberadaan antibodi untuk membasmi virus COVID-19 bisa dideteksi melalui rapid test antibodi.Produk ini merupakan tes cepat immunochromatographic assay yang menggunakan kombinasi partikel berwarna berlapis antigen SARS-COV-2 untuk mendeteksi antibodi IgG dan IgM terhadap SARS-CoV-2 dalam whole blood, serum, atau plasma. Produk ini dapat mendeteksi infeksi primer dan sekunder dari SARS-CoV-2
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28 January 2021
IDENTIFIKASI CEPAT DAN AKURAT COVID-19 DENGAN RAPID TEST ANTIGEN
Selain tes PCR, rapid test juga kerap digunakan sebagai pemeriksaan awal COVID-19. Sesuai namanya, hasil rapid test bisa langsung diketahui dalam waktu yang singkat, biasanya hanya sekitar beberapa menit atau paling lama 1 jam untuk menunggu hasil pemeriksaan keluar. Tes antigen biasanya digunakan dalam diagnosis patogen pernapasan, termasuk virus influenza
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26 January 2021
JENIS RAPID TEST COVID - 19 DAN KRITERIA PRODUK YANG BAIK
Berbagai cara untuk penegakan diagnosa penyakit COVID-19, dimana PCR sebagai gold standard. Namun, saat ini diperlukan pemeriksaan yang lebih cepat tetapi tetap akurat. Saat ini, terdapat dua jenis rapid test yang dapat digunakan untuk mendeteksi keberadaan virus corona (SARS-CoV-2) di dalam tubuh manusia yaitu rapid test COVID-19 antigen dan rapid test COVID-19 antibodi
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25 January 2021
COVID - 19 : TES MOLEKULAR PCR SEBAGAI METODE DIAGNOSIS "GOLD STANDARD"
COVID-19 adalah penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus korona baru yang disebut SARS-CoV-2. WHO pertama kali mengetahui virus baru ini pada 31 Desember 2019, menyusul laporan sekelompok kasus 'virus pneumonia' di Wuhan, Republik Rakyat Cina. Dalam kebanyakan situasi, uji molekuler digunakan untuk mendeteksi SARS-CoV-2 dan memastikan infeksi. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) adalah tes molekuler yang paling umum digunakan. Sampel diambil dari hidung dan/atau tenggorokan dengan swab. Tes molekuler mendeteksi virus dalam sampel dengan memperkuat materi genetik virus ke tingkat yang dapat dideteksi. Untuk alasan ini, tes molekuler digunakan untuk memastikan infeksi aktif, biasanya dalam beberapa hari setelah terpapar dan sekitar waktu gejala mulai.
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0001/ART/RIR/I/2021 21 January 2021
LACTIC ACIDOSIS : WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW?
The acid buildup causes an imbalance in the pH level of the body, which must always be alkaline, not acidic. Lactic acid buildup occurs when there is not enough oxygen in the muscles to break down glucose and glycogen. This is called anaerobic metabolism. There are two types of lactic acid: L-lactic and D-lactic. Most forms of lactic acidosis are caused by too much L-lactate. There are two types of lactic acidosis including: ● Type A lactic acidosis is caused by tissue hypoperfusion (lack of nutrition) from heart failure, sepsis, or cardiac pulmonary arrest. ● Type B lactic acidosis is caused by impaired cellular level function and local area tissue hypoperfusion. Lactic acidosis has many causes and is often treatable. But if left untreated, it may be life-threatening.
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14 January 2021
KIDNEY. LOVE IT OR DIE EARLY
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a progressive decline in kidney function over months or years. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) initially shows no signs and symptoms but can progressively progress to kidney failure. Data regarding kidney disease is obtained from the results of Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), Indonesian Renal Registry (IRR), that in Indonesia, the population aged ≥ 15 years diagnosed with chronic kidney failure is 0.2%.
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14 January 2021
GOUT. GOUT DISEASE DATA & THERAPY FROM EXPERTS FOR 2021
Gout or better known as "gout" is a joint disease that occurs due to uric acid levels that are too high in the blood. Under normal conditions, uric acid dissolves in the blood and will pass through the urine. But under certain conditions, the body can produce excess amounts of uric acid or experience interference in getting rid of this excess uric acid, so uric acid builds up in the body.
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07 October 2020
HIGH LEVELS OF KETONES IN YOUR BLOOD ARE A SIGN THAT SOMETHING IS WRONG
Large amounts of ketones build up, blood acidity increases, and you have what is called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA for short, a medical problem that needs urgent treatment.
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16 September 2020
DANGEROUS!VARIOUS DISEASES CAN BE ACQUIRED DUE TO POOR AIR QUALITY IN CLOSED SPACES
Currently, there are many diseases related to air quality, both minor and even serious diseases such as ARI, tuberculosis, pneumonia, Covid-19 and even cancer. According to data, there are almost 90% of people who live in cities, more often spend their time in closed rooms, be it for work, study, rest, or discussion. Therefore, at this time it is necessary to think about how to create healthy air so that it can avoid diseases caused by the air. WHO recommends the use of Ulta Violet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) technology such as OXIRA type XG which can be used by the general public in closed spaces. Oxira type XG has been proven effective in reducing the infectious power of microorganisms by up to 85%.
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27 February 2020
TYPHOID FEVER
Salmonella typhi (S. typhi) is one of the Gram-negative bacteria which is a pathogenic bacteria that causes typhoid fever, which is a systemic infectious disease with a long-lasting fever, bacteremia accompanied by inflammation that can damage the intestines and liver organs.
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Isotekindo 20 December 2019
DETECTING DRUG ABUSE
Drug abuse in Indonesia is a case that is increasing day by day. Throughout 2017, the BNN has uncovered 46,537 drug cases throughout Indonesia (Fitang, 2017).
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01 January 1970
DIABETES MELITUS, THE SILENT KILLER
People with Diabetes Mellitus, from global and Indonesian data, have increased significantly from time to time. WHO estimates that globally 422 million adults aged over 18 years living with diabetes in 2014. The largest number of people with diabetes is estimated to come from Southeast Asia and the West Pacific, accounting for about half of diabetes cases in the world. Worldwide, the number of people with diabetes has increased substantially between 1980 and 2014, having increased approximately fourfold from 108 million to 422 million.
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01 January 1970
HBA1C EXAMINATION IS ACCURATE, PRACTICAL AND AFFORDABLE
The higher the number of HbA1c means more hemoglobin binds to glucose, and this indicates that high blood sugar. If the HbA1c count exceeds 8%, you may have uncontrolled diabetes and are at risk for complications.
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01 January 1970
EARLY DETECTION OF KIDNEY DAMAGE
With early detection before progressive kidney damage progresses to grade 3 or more, the patient and doctor will have the right therapy and action plan, so that kidney damage does not become a terminal stage quickly to prevent hemodialysis or "dialysis" which means quality patient's life will be maintained and avoid premature death.