Smoking habits are not only a problem in adults but also rampant among children and adolescents. This is evidenced by the increasing prevalence of smoking in the population aged 10-18 years. Since 1988, the World Health Organization (WHO) has used World No Tobacco Day external icon to highlight the harmful effects of cigarettes and other tobacco products on a person’s overall health.
The Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987 to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable death and disease it causes In 1988, Resolution WHA42.19 was passed, calling for the celebration of World No Tobacco Day, every year on 31 May.
Nowadays, smoking is not only a problem in adults, but also increasingly prevalent among children and adolescents. This is evidenced by the increasing prevalence of smoking in the population aged 10 to 18 years, which is 1.9% from 2013 (7.2%) to 2018 (9.1%). This places Indonesia as the country with the third largest number of active smokers in the world.
Tobacco and all types of cigarettes including conventional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigarettes with heating are very harmful to the body, it contain nicotine, which is an addictive drug. Being exposed to nicotine can also harm brain development, which continues through the teen years and up to age 25. Exposure to nicotine during these important years can harm the parts of the brain that control attention, learning, mood, and impulse control. This activity not only threatens your own health, but also the health of your family, friends and those around you.
People around, who are not even smokers, can still be exposed to cigarette smoke. When a person smokes a cigarette, some of the smoke will not enter the lungs. This cigarette smoke spreads into the air and is accidentally inhaled by the people around it. This is why exposure to secondhand smoke on children and other non-smokers will be harmful to health.